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ENIC UKRAINE
National Information Centre
of Academic Mobility

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SERVICES AND CONTACT INFORMATION

You may contact a specialist of the National Information Center of Academic Mobility and receive information and explanations regarding the system of education in Ukraine at:

26/41 Pavlovska St, Kyiv, 01135 , Ukraine
Tel.: +38 044 484 64 25
E-mail: antonuk@enic.in.ua, info@enic.in.ua
http://www.enic.in.ua

Other organizational units of the Center:

Apostilization of Ukrainian education-confirming documents:
Tel.: +38 044 484 64 45; +38 044 484 64 95;
E-mail: centre@apostille.in.ua
http://www.apostille.in.ua

Recognition (nostrification) of foreign education-confirming documents:
Tel.: +38 044 486 20 43; +38 044 486 25 43
E-mail: centre@naric.in.ua
http://www.naric.in.ua

 

REGULATORY FRAMEWORK

EDUCATIONAL ASSESSMENT AND EVALUATION SYSTEM

Bologna process. In 1999 in the city of Bologna, a declaration creating a single European educational space was signed, launching the initiative currently known as the Bologna Process. For a decade of its existence, the number of countries that have joined this process increased from 29 to 47. Ukraine joined the Bologna Process in 2005.

In 2004, Ukrainian institutions of higher learning started the transition to a new knowledge assessment system. In accordance with Order No 943 of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine, dated October 16, 2009, the credit-transfer system is being introduced in Ukrainian institutions of higher learning along with its key concepts (“Student Application Form,” “Study Agreement,” “Practical Training and Quality Commitment Agreement,” “Academic Statement,” and “Supplement to the European-Standard Diploma”).

ECTS. The hours allocated for a subject must include hours of lectures, laboratory and other practicals and seminars, consultations, self-paced and individual work and control sessions. In the European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System, 60 credits correspond to one full academic year. Accordingly, one ECTS credit is equivalent to 1,800/60 = 30 hours, on the average, where 1,800 is the average number of academic hours and 60 – the number of credits equivalent to a full academic year. Credits are awarded on common terms for general subjects taught under junior specialist curricula on the basis of a basic general secondary education. The state final examinations are not subject to crediting, that is, the hours allocated for them are not included in the credit total.

The distribution of credits among subject cycles and setting a minimum number of credits for pre-requisite subjects (practicals, term and qualifying papers) are determined in the higher education industrial standard. An institution of higher learning has the discretion to set credits for optional subjects (practice works and term papers), and may also move part of the credits in the variable component of educational content to the credit pool of pre-requisite subjects (practicals, term and qualifying papers). It is the prerogative of an institution of higher learning to design the curricula components and set credits for optional subjects.

The maximum number of in-class hours per credit is 16 for students of the bachelor and junior specialist qualification degrees, 14 for specialists, and 10 for masters. The remaining time is for self-paced study.

The maximum weekly in-class load (including hours of the non-credited subject “Physical Education”) may not exceed 30 hours for students pursuing the bachelor and junior specialist qualification degrees, 24 hours for the specialist degree pursuers, and 18 hours for pursuers of masters’ degrees. Credit tests are usually held at the final seminar, laboratory or practical class.

Knowledge assessment. Before 2004, Ukrainian institutions of higher learning used the old (4-point) knowledge assessment scale. Starting from 2004, some institutions of higher learning (in some of their departments) began to use the ECTS accumulation scale in parallel with the 4-point scale as part of an experiment to introduce a credit module assessment system. Since the 2006/2007 academic year, the ECTS requirements have been implemented for first-year students in all institutions of higher learning, specifically:

  • academic achievements are measured in ECTS points;
  • the modules have been described in accordance with the ECTS requirements; and
  • examination results are evaluated on the ECTS scale (A–Fx).

Marks of the extended scale are awarded on the basis of the point accumulation scale of the institution of higher learning.

Accumulation scale interval Extended scale mark 5-point scale equivalent
90 and up Excellent 5
80-89 Very good 4.5
65-79 Good 4
55-64 Satisfactory 3.5
50-54 Sufficient 3
35-49 Insufficient 2
1-34 Failed 1

ACCREDITATION AND LICENSING

The current structure of quality assurance in higher education in Ukraine includes the following:

  • Licensing of educational activities

Licensing of educational activities of higher education institutions is mandatory.

Licensing is done by the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine and issued with no expiration date.

Before 2021, licensing of each specialty of a certain level of higher education in higher education institutions was mandatory.

Since 2021, licensing of educational activities of higher education institutions at a certain level of higher education has being introduced. Additionally licensing of educational programs is mandatory for programs that lead to professional qualifications in professions for which additional regulation is required (List of specialties leading to professional qualifications in professions for which additional regulation is required).

Licensing of higher education institutions of foreign countries or their separate branches/campuses that operate on the territory of Ukraine is also mandatory.

  • Accreditation of educational programs

Accreditation of educational programs in Ukraine is mandatory. Accreditation certificates were issued by the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine (based on the decision of the Accreditation Commission), and since 2019 by the National Agency for Quality Assurance in Higher Education.

Accreditation of educational programs in Ukraine can also be confirmed by an accreditation certificate issued by a recognized independent or foreign accreditation agency for quality assurance in higher education (List of foreign accreditation and quality assurance in higher education agencies, certificates of which are recognized in Ukraine).

Higher education institutions develop educational programs within licensed specialties or (after 2021) at a certain licensed level of higher education in accordance with the Higher Education Standards approved by the Ministry of Education and Science. Within one specialty at one level of higher education it could be two or more accredited educational programs. The number of such educational programs and their names are determined by higher education institutions. Educational programs within a certain specialty provide for the assignment of various professional qualifications in accordance with the specialization and learning outcomes (competencies) which should be mastered by students of the relevant educational program.

The Higher Education Standards describe the requirements for higher education programs at a certain higher education level and specialty, and are used to assess the quality of higher education system. The Higher Education Standards are approved by the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine, and developed in accordance with the National Qualifications` Framework. The standards define the following requirements for educational programs: the ECTS credit load; admission requirements; list of mandatory competencies of graduates; normative program content in terms of learning outcomes; forms of final attestation/examination; requirements for the creation of educational programs and the requirements of professional standards (if applicable).

For the first time, educational programs are accredited by the National Agency for Quality Assurance in Higher Education for a period of five years, and the subsequent accreditations are done for 10 year periods.

The higher education institutions have the right to issue diplomas of the established template for the accredited educational programs.

  • Accreditation of higher education institutions by levels (I-IV) was cancelled (in 2014).

  • The Law "On Higher Education" from 2017 provides the possibility of institutional accreditation for higher education institutions.

Institutional accreditation is not mandatory and is carried out by the National Agency for Quality Assurance in Higher Education. The institutional accreditation certificate is issued for a 5 year period and gives right to higher education institutions to self-accredit educational programs, except for those programs that should be accredited for the first time. For the first time the accreditation of educational programs should be carried out by the National Agency for Quality Assurance of Higher Education. As of 2021, the self-accreditation mechanism is under development and implementation.

Information on licensing and accreditation is added to the Unified State Electronic Database on Education: https://info.edbo.gov.ua/ and is available in the «Реєстр суб’єктів освітньої діяльності» (Registry of educational activity entities).

Read more in Information on the licensing and accreditation procedure in the system of higher education of Ukraine.

CLASSIFICATION OF EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS

In terms of ownership form, institutions of higher learning in Ukraine may be state, communal, or private. Regardless of their ownership form, they have equal rights and provide an equation of the same quality. Ukrainian institutions of higher learning are classified by types as follows; universities, academies, institutes, conservatories (music academies), colleges, and technical schools.

University is a multidisciplinary institution of higher learning of the IV accreditation level that provides higher education within a broad range of humanities, economic, natural, and other studies, and is a leading research and methodology center. There may be classic and specialized universities.

A university is recognized as classic if it prepares specialists in at least eight areas of study, as well as doctors of philosophy and doctors of science in at least twelve research fields, including at least two liberal arts, economic, natural studies or technical specializations.

A specialized university is recognized as such if it prepares professionals in at least four areas of study, as well as doctors of philosophy and doctors of science in at least eight research fields, including at least six specialization areas (except for arts and higher military educational institutions (higher educational institutions with special study conditions).

Institute is an institution of higher learning of the III or IV accreditation levels or a structural unit of a university, which provides higher education in a specific area of study, education, culture, or manufacture.

Academy is an institution of higher learning of the IV accreditation level, which operates to provide a specific higher education, helping students to obtain a qualification in a specific area of science, industry, education, culture, and arts, engages in fundamental and applied research, being a leading research and methodology center in its specialization area, and has the relevant level of human and material resources.

An academy is recognized if it prepares specialists in two areas of education and doctors of philosophy and doctors of science in at least two research fields (except for arts and higher military educational institutions (higher educational institutions with special study conditions)).

Conservatory  is an institution of higher learning of the ІІІ or IV accreditation levels that provides a higher education in the field of culture and the arts.

College is an institution of higher learning of the ІІ accreditation level or a structural unit of an educational institution of the ІІІ or IV accreditation levels that provides a higher education in related areas or in several specialization fields.

A professional college is created if its daytime departments have at least five hundred people.

Technical school is an institution of higher learning of the І accreditation level or a structural unit of an educational institution of the ІІІ or IV accreditation levels that provides a higher education in several related specialization fields.

Universities, academies, institutes, and conservatories may train students under any type of academic program (junior specialist, bachelor, specialist, master, candidate of sciences), as well as under post-graduate programs. A university (academy) may be awarded with national status for excellence in research activities.